Know about Water Soluble Vitamins


Water Soluble Vitamin

Water soluble vitamins dissolve in water and are not stored by the body. So they are eliminated in urine, we require a continuous daily supply in our diet. Vitamin B-complex and Vitamin C is water soluble vitamin.

Following are the list of Water Soluble vitamins in human body.

  • Vitamin C
  • Vitamin B1  Thiamine
  • Vitamin B2   Riboflavin
  • Vitamin B3   Niacin
  • Vitamin B5   Pantothenic acid
  • Vitamin B6    Pyridoxine
  • Vitamin B9     Folic Acid
  • Vitamin C

Vitamin A in its Beta-Carotene form is water soluble also.

Vitamin B1: Thiamine

Thiamine enables body to use carbohydrates as energy. It plays a key role in heart function, muscle, and in nerve. It is also essential for Glucose metabolism.

Deficiency of Vitamin B1 create some problems in Human body

Burning feet, weakness, rapid heart rate, swelling, fatigue are some problem due deficiency of Vitamin B1.

Sources of Vitamin B1 (thiamine) are tomatoes, beans, spinach, peas, mushrooms, beans, soya beans.

Vitamin B2: Riboflavin:

It plays a vital role in maintaining the body energy supply. It helps in breaking protein and carbohydrates. Body converts carbohydrates into adenosine triphosphate (ATP). ATP produces energy as the body requires it.

Deficiency Symptoms: Sores and Crack at corner of Lips and Mouth, anxiety, fatigue, and loss of appetite.

Vitamin B2 (Riboflavin) are Almonds, Mushrooms, Spinach, Whole Wheat, Yogurt, Eggs, Liver.

Vitamin B3: Niacin:

It is required for the proper function of fats and sugar level in the body. It is beneficial in clotting and Heart Problem.

Deficiency causes some problems like, diarrhea and dementia.

Some sources of Vitamin B3 are Green Leafy Vegetables, Potato, Carrots, Turnip, Peaches, Chicken.

Vitamin B5: Pantothenic acid: 

It is helpful and necessary for making blood cells. It also helps in converting the food into energy. 

Deficiency causes some problems like, Fatigue, Vomiting, Stomach Pain, Respiratory Infection.  It’s deficiency  is rare. Sources of Vitamin B5 are Sunflower Seeds, Eggs, Strawberries, Liver, Whole Wheat

Vitamin B6: Pyridoxine:

Vitamin B6 is significant in red blood cells creation. It is significant in protein, fat, and carbohydrate metabolism. It helps in turning food in to energy.

Vitamin B6 deficiency related problems are Disorder in Nervous System, Sleeplessness, Confusion, Irritability, and Anemia. Sources of vitamin B6 are Walnuts, sun flower seeds, spinach, trout, banana, potato, peanut butter, chicken meat.

Vitamin B9: Folic Acid

It is also called folate C19H19N7O6.  It is helpful  in converting carbohydrates in glucose which is used to produce energy.

Deficiency : weakness, weight loss, cracking, diarrhea. In Pregnancy there is a risk of low birth weight delivery.

Some sources of vitamin B9 are green leafy food, spinach, green peas, peanuts, tomato juice, banana, papaya.

Vitamin C

It is a strong antioxidants that helps in reducing chronic disease. Helps in Blood Pressure BP, Heart Disease, Reduce Blood Uric level.  It is also used in cartilage, bones, teeth, to heal wounds.

Deficiency: Tissue Swelling, dry hair and skin, bleeding gums, hair loss, delay wound healing, gum infection. Long term deficiency results in scurvy. Sources: Guava, Lemon, pineapple, orange, grapefruit, strawberries and papaya.


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