Fat Soluble Vitamins
Vitamins that dissolve in fats and oils are Fat soluble vitamins. Fat soluble vitamins are absorbed along with fats in the diet and be stored in the body’s fatty tissue. Fat soluble vitamins can be stored in liver and fat tissue until needed. Following are some fat soluble vitamins.
- Vitamin A
- Vitamin D
- Vitamin E
- Vitamin K
Some of the main uses of Fat Soluble Vitamins are following.
Vitamin A is present in many foods. Vitamin A is important for normal vision, the immune system, and reproduction. It also helps the heart, kidneys, and other organs to work properly. Vitamin A exists in three oxidation states, retinal, retinol, and retinoic acid. Retinal plays an important role in vision. Retinol reduces wrinkles by increasing the production of collagen. It stimulates production of new blood vessels in the skin.
Deficiency of Vitamin A causes some problems in Human body.
Rough and dry skin, and one may notice difficulty seeing in dim light, Liver disorders, fat malabsorption. Sources: Carrot, Pumpkin, green leafy vegetables, beef, eggs, peaches and squash.
Helps in anxiety and depression. Lacking of vitamin D make muscle weak, bone fracture. Vitamin D deficiency can result in rickets, deformed bones. In adult vitamin D deficiency can result in osteomalacia, an tooth decay.
Sources: mushrooms, salmon, eggs and sunlight.
It is a fat soluble vitamin. It is an antioxidant, which protects the body tissue from free radicals. Free radicals can harm cells, tissues, and organs.
Sources of vitamin E are green leafy vegetables, almonds, sunflower, tomatoes, blueberries, nuts, most seeds and olives.
: It is a fat soluble vitamin that plays an important role in blood clotting, bone metabolism, and regulating blood calcium levels. Vitamin K is needed to produce prothrombin, a protein and clotting factor that is important in blood clotting and bone metabolism. The two primary vitamin K forms are Vitamin K1 (phylloquinone) and vitamin K2(menaquinone).
Sources of vitamin K are green beans, green peas, carrots, watercress, and green leafy vegetables. Deficiency Symptoms: Helps in blood clotting. Both vitamin K1 and K2 produce protein that helsp in blood clotting. If a body cannot produce enough vitamin K there is a risk of excessive bleeding